Key Stage 4

Please refer to the ‘Introduction to Our Curriculum’ tab for information about the broader curriculum offer experienced by all learners across the school.

The Key Stage 4 curriculum is designed to build on the skills and knowledge acquired in Key Stage 3 and is responsive to pupils needs. 

Pupils ending Key Stage 3 at 'Stage 1' or 'Stage 2' of the Avalon Curriculum

As part of our yearly curriculum review process, Pre-entry level pupils will no longer be taking formal accreditations. This decision was made taking into consideration the needs and skills of the pupils as well as changes to accreditations themselves. Pupils working at pre-entry level will continue to follow some Equals ‘Moving on’ courses but these will no longer be accredited, giving greater scope to personalise the curriculum to our pupils individual needs and allowing a greater focus on developing independence and skills for life. The learning opportunities offered to our pupils are informed by pupils EHCP outcomes and EHCP reviews and are also informed by parents’ and carers’ aspirations for their young person in adulthood; pupils contribute to this as able; linking their learning of skills and knowledge in school to their future lives as adults. The curriculum at Key stage four is focussed around preparing pupils for adulthood and their futures. The timetable includes lessons in the classroom and a range of subjects which are common to all schools, such as English, Maths and Art. These are enhanced by learning beyond the school building where pupils are learning to apply these skills in the day-to-day real life contexts of their local environment. Importantly, at the same time, they are learning a range of key skills for the whole of their lives; their independence and safety and ability to increasingly participate as a member of the wider community. Pupils working within the earliest stages follow a multi-sensory curriculum, often as part of their personalised curriculum (which may include sensory breaks, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, discrete communication sessions, personal care or intensive interaction). The curriculum is rooted in real life experiences and offers a broad range of learning opportunities based around a termly theme. An exemplar termly overview demonstrating how a theme is broken down can be found on the English and Maths termly overviews (see links below). An exemplar termly overview for other subjects for pre-entry level learners can also be found here.

Pupils ending Key Stage 3 at 'Stage 3' of the Avalon Curriculum


These pupils follow Entry Level accreditations ranging from Entry levels 1- 3 (Pre-GCSE) to Level 1 (Equivalent to a GCSE D-G grade). All pupils take accreditations in English, Maths, Science, ICT and Art. We currently offer accreditations through WJEC (Entry level 2-3), AQA (Entry levels 1-3 English and Maths) and NCFE (Level 1) exam boards. The offer of accreditation pathways will vary according to pupils individual strengths and needs. Some pupils may work towards achieving accreditations in some subjects whilst in other subjects, they may focus on developing functional skills, with the option to work towards entry level functional skills qualifications in Sixth form where this is appropriate to their chosen post 16 provision. 


Pupils also access their local community, working on independence and safety in the community targets. Community visits are planned according to pupils’ needs and personal targets. They include for example, catching public buses, road safety, visiting shops, cafes and other local amenities. 


This is a core part of pupils’ citizenship education. Volunteering opportunities enable our pupils to develop greater communication and social skills. These opportunities build pupils’ confidence; giving them a sense of achievement in being able to make a positive contribution to their immediate society and equipping them with skills for life and the workplace. Volunteering opportunities differ according to the needs of each cohort, but have included; fundraising for charity, local conservation work, contribution to a community action project at the Red Brick Building in Glastonbury and visits to a residential home for the elderly.

Additional Curriculum Content


This is differentiated according to pupils’ levels of understanding. For some pupils, this may be through day to day routines of personal care and hygiene or getting changed, beginning with reinforcing the practice of personal privacy and learning how to greet a range of different people appropriately. Where appropriate, sex and relationships education is delivered through discrete lessons which are differentiated according to pupils’ level of understanding. Learning ranges from how to keep ourselves safe, personal hygiene and different relationships to learning about consent, contraception, pregnancy and online safety. Sex and relationship lessons are delivered with a strong emphasis on building respectful relationships and understanding emotions.

Transition from Key Stage 4

Pupils are supported with transition from Avalon, to their next educational setting, at a time which is right for them. We work with families, professionals and pupils themselves to determine the timescale for this. Some pupils attend Avalon Sixth Form after KS4 for the full three years, others may transition to an alternative educational setting after KS4, whilst some pupils may transition to other settings mid-way through Sixth Form. Some pupils progress from Avalon to a local college at the end of KS4, because they are ready to benefit from this transition at this point in their education. Transition programmes for pupils leaving school are tailored according to needs: for some this process needs to be shorter and for others longer. This may include, for example, support with application to college, practising catching the bus and visiting the canteen and having taster sessions matched to an individuals’ interests. Planning involves parents; pupil; college and school working closely together to ensure a successful transition.

The long term planning below provides further information about the content of each subject in KS4

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